Vaccination Schedule Recommended Pediatricians for Children

Vaccinations are administered to infants, children, and young adults to help them lead a healthy life. These preventive medicines keep them protected from diseases that are commonly found in people of this age group. Vaccines ensure that children are safeguarded from mild to serious illnesses, which may render them severely disabled, or put them in life threatening situations. These need to be administered as per a pre-defined schedule, the failure of which may render it ineffective in protecting your child. Pediatricians are doctors who specialize in care of infants, babies, and children. These medical practitioners recommend following the given schedule for children above the age of 1, up to the age of 11, for maximum protection.

• 15 months: Tetanus/ Diphtheria/ Pertussis, Haemophilus Influenza B The vaccines to be administered after the dosages completed on first birthday are the DTaP vaccine as well as the Hib vaccine. DTaP protects against three serious and life threatening diseases.

o Diphtheria – A bacterial disease that causes a thick covering to form in the back of your child’s throat. It can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure, and even death.

o Tetanus (Lockjaw) – A disease that causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It often leads to ‘locking’ of the jaw, which makes it difficult for the child to open the mouth or swallow.

o Pertussis (Whooping Cough) –A bacterial infection that causes severe coughing spells, which makes it hard for infants to eat, drink, or breathe. It can also lead to can lead to pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and eventually death.

Hib protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b disease caused by bacteria. The disease often results in bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, breathing difficulty, infections of the blood, joints, bones, and covering of the heart, and in rare cases, death.

• 2 Years: Hepatitis A vaccine

Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease, characterized by symptoms such as fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or joint pain, severe stomach pains and diarrhea, or jaundice. The disease causes liver failure and eventually death. The first dose of Hepatitis A vaccine is given at the age of 1 year and then repeated at the age of 2 years.

• 4 Years: Varicella (Chickenpox) booster

The booster dose for chicken pox is a vaccination that re-introduces your child to immunizing antigen. It helps build better immunity against the common childhood disease, which causes a rash, itching, fever, and tiredness. The disease may also result in severe skin infection, scars, pneumonia, and brain damage. The booster vaccines is helpful in restoring the antigen back to protective levels.

• 5 Years: Tetanus/ Diphtheria/ Pertussis, Measles/ Mumps/ Rubella (MMR), Polio, Hearing and Vision Screening.

The DTaP and MMR vaccines are re-administered when the child turns 5 years old. He/she may also be screened for hearing and vision to check for disabilities or impairment.

• After the age of 5, children can be subjected to well visits annually or when needed (for sports, camps etc.)

• After the age of 9 to 11, suggested vaccines are HPV and Meningitis, along with a booster dose for Tetanus/ Diphteria/ Pertussis at the age of 10 to 11 years.

Timely and proper vaccination can help your child lead a healthy childhood and adulthood. Pediatricians are your go-to source for necessary help, and for administering the vaccines to your child at the right time.

How Group Therapy Can Help You

Therapy helps a lot of people to deal with their problems, connect to themselves, to have a fresh perspective about their problems and the wonderful life that lies in front of them. Sharing our feelings and fears with somebody gives a concrete shape to our thoughts. Sharing gives you clarity on your own thoughts and helps you find your own answers. Therapy can either be individual with a face to face interaction with your counselor. Or it can be a group therapy where you can find people with problems simpler or complex than yours. You will find people whom can talk to, people who can understand your problems or at least be empathetic and listen.

All of us have problems and sometimes a simple solution to our problems is just to share our thoughts and opinions with a group of people who will listen and relate to you. If you live in the US and have a few unresolved thoughts that are taking control of your life, a group therapy is what you might need. Here are a few advantages of group therapy listed out for your consideration.

1. You get a chance to speak up

Help and support from others is sometimes what you need to pick yourself. All you want is to be heard out, give a shape to the thoughts running wild in your head. All you need sometimes is someone who will listen. If you are not comfortable with the idea of talking to a counselor alone, you can choose a group therapy where people just like you talk to each other and more importantly listen to each other. After a few sessions of group therapy you won’t feel like nobody cares about your problems. You will realize all you have to do is open up to the right people and confront your problems.

2. You will feel involved

Our thoughts are very stubborn and people who need group therapy are those who feel that nobody understands them. People who think nobody understands them are stuck in their own though bubble. They never realize that there are countless other helpless people like them and they are not the only ones with that specific problem. A group therapy will help you look at your problems from others’ perspectives and come out of your thought bubble. Your problem might be too small for you to realize and a group therapy can help you see it clearly.

3. You will find relatable people

The best part about group therapies is that people help each other and in turn help themselves. They listen to each other’s feelings, talk something that is relatable to the discussion, give examples of their own life. The reason for people to open up during these sessions is that they feel someone can relate to what they are seeing. A sense of oneness comforts them and neutralizes their suffering. If you want to make some good friends and just find people who you can relate with, a group therapy is a good place to start.

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