How Does an ECMO Machine Use to Save COVID-19 Patient’s Life?

In this deadly pandemic, physicians and scientists around the globe are trying to find ways for effective treatments. ECMO machine has shown the promising results for the COVID patient’s recovery. This machine supports the heart and lungs of patients with severe respiratory distress.

The Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) said that the ECMO machine has the potential to save a huge number of severely-ill patients. It is used for the patients for whom the ventilators have failed. This machine provides artificial oxygenation of RBCs and removal of CO2.

This is now used for the severe COVID-19 patients for whom ventilators are unable to maintain enough blood oxygen levels. ELSO reported that 55% of COVID patients who were on ECMO support have survived.

Working of an ECMO machine

ECMO machines are of 2 types – Veno-venous and Veno-arterial. Veno-venous is used to support the lungs while veno-arterial is used to support both the heart and lungs. 1-3 cannulas are required to connect the ECMO circuit to the patient.

The doctor makes a small cut on the right of the COVID-19 patient’s neck and inserts the tube into the jugular vein. Sometimes another tube is also inserted into the ceratoid artery. Both the tubes are then connected to the machine to oxygenate the blood.

The ECMO machine was first invented in the 1960s for newborn babies to support respiratory distress syndrome and cardiac issues. The plastic tube inserted through the neck allows the patient’s blood to flow out and enters into the oxygenation unit where the oxygenation of RBCs and removal of CO2 takes place and the blood is sent back to the body with a separate tube. The ECMO machine acts like the lungs and the heart of COVID-19 patients.

Contribution of ECMO machine for treating COVID-19 Patients

COVID-19 virus attacks the lungs and the heart of the patient. COVID-19 is unlike pneumonia or influenza as it affects all 5 lobes of the lungs (3 lobes on the right side and 2 lobes on left). The virus turns lungs patchy.

This is the real reason why COVID-19 patients get severe respiratory issues. The damage of all 5 lobes of the lungs so not allow the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. With the increase of CO2 level in the blood, the respiratory rate also increases and the body tends to breathe more to eliminate this extra CO2 but due to damaged lungs, it is not possible. This way CO2 remains in the blood and turns into acid.

The ECMO machine acts as a savior in this condition. The oxygenation of blood and removal of CO2 takes place artificially which in turn reduces the chances of any further damage to the body and allows more time for the body to fight the virus effectively.

This extra time is very necessary for the COVID patients. An average COVID-19 patient remains on ECMO support for around 10-12 days. Once the ECMO support is removed, they are kept in isolation where doctors observe their further recovery.

ECMO implementation is not easy

This highly useful machine requires months of training to gather a team of experts who can successfully handle ECMO. Although there are more than 500 global centers where ECMO can be installed but ELSO is only focusing on increasing the numbers of ECMO in the center where they already have a team for ECMO administration.

ECMO machine does not work on the COVID patients who are aged or dealing with chronic health issues. For example, 75 years old adult COVID patient with chronic diabetes or blood pressure is not going to be benefitted from ECMO therapy. However, for 40 years old COVIS patient with no chronic condition can be benefitted.


Although ECMO machines were originally developed for newborn babies from the last 5 years, it has proved to be a great support for adults also. The use of ECMO is increased even more for adults since the spread of COVID-19. ECMO machines are the reassurance that even if the ventilators fail, there is still another hope for COVID-19 patient’s survival.

Virus Protection Clothing- Essential for the Battle Against COVID-19

The debate is still raging on whether the transmission of the COVID-19 virus occurs via air or through droplet contact. However, there is consensus among the medical authorities around the world on the use of virus protection clothing to contain its spread.

Given the highly contagious nature of the virus, wearing such clothes is particularly crucial for doctors, nurses, and other healthcare personnel who interact with COVID-19 patients and are at considerable risk from the proximity. It is also indispensable for patients and their visitors to prevent them from spreading infectious microorganisms to other people.

Virus Protection Clothing is Essential for the Battle Against COVID-19

The novel coronavirus has had a devastating impact on human populations worldwide, and, as yet, there is no definite cure for it. Preventing its spread as much as possible is, therefore, a top priority. And, along with implementing national and international lockdowns, there have been public announcements in different countries advocating the policies of social distancing, wearing face masks in public, using hand sanitizers, and washing hands frequently.

The use of personal protection equipment also plays a prominent role in limiting the spread of the viral disease. It impedes the virus’ ability to transfer to and fro rapidly from people and inanimate objects.

Along with face masks, face visors, and eye protection glasses, such equipment includes virus protection clothing like hospital protective gown, tops, trousers, head covers, gloves, and shoe covers. These cover the wearer entirely and act as a barrier against infection-causing microorganisms. They are also tear-resistant, wear-resistant, and puncture-proof. Additionally, they are comfortable to wear, comply with OSHA safety regulations, and are cost-effective.

In hospitals and other healthcare settings, it is the only way to prevent healthcare workers from succumbing to the disease. They can only continue to care for infected COVID-19 patients if they have such virus protection clothing and other personal protection equipment to safeguard their health.

Virus protection clothing has the following benefits:

  • Its high pathogen resistance protects the wearer from infectious microorganisms.
  • It prevents infected liquids and bodily fluids from coming into contact with the wearer.
  • It protects the wearer if they come into contact with infected solids and surfaces.
  • In the case of COVID-19 patients, it prevents the wearer from infecting health workers and other people with whom they are in regular contact.
  • It protects vulnerable patients with severe health conditions and weakened immune systems.

Shortage of Virus Protection Clothing

Unfortunately, the lockdowns that governments around the world have implemented to contain the virus have severely impacted the manufacturing sector that produces personal protection equipment. Manufacturers are struggling to keep up with the growing demand, and that has led to a general shortage of virus protection clothing and other necessities. That has led the authorities to call for reserving the use of high-level virus protection clothing only by medical personnel in high-risk situations.

So, the doctors, nurses, and medical staff who work round the clock with COVID-19 patients are the ones that should get priority access to virus protection clothing and other personal protection equipment. It is their front-line defense that has been containing the pandemic havoc to a large extent. It is scary to imagine what would happen if that were to collapse, and there were no longer competent healthcare workers available to assist and treat the increasing numbers of sick people.

Proper Use of Virus Protection Clothing

The efficacy of virus protection clothing depends to a large extent on its correct usage. For instance, hospital protective gowns are available in four levels of protection, ranging from minimal risk to high risk. The medical staff must seek out and wear virus protection clothing that suits their situation.

Additionally, they will have to discard and change virus protection clothing after specified hours of use. It is crucial to follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how to wear the clothes and in what order, and also follow the proper order in removing it. And the wearers must wash and disinfect their hands several times during these processes. Depending on the material of the clothing, it may be necessary to dispose of it afterward, or it may be possible to wash and disinfect it for reuse.

Will the N95 Respirator Mask Protect You Against Coronavirus? Here’s What an Expert Says

Face Mask – Essential for Preventing Contamination

Health workers are facing a definite challenge these days when the threat of Kovid-19 looms over the entire globe. Protecting the healthcare employees and other social workers from the attack of the virus is a must, and the authorities concerned must not overlook this point. Providing the related staff all the necessary outfits and equipment to deal with the possible virus attack is the duty of all medical authorities. One such obligation is to make stronger the personal safety system by providing quality a medical face mask. Wearing a medical face mask has become compulsory ever since the last two or three months, and this has become a global phenomenon. Of course, there will be a bit of inconvenience while wearing a face mask, but when the time demands it, everyone will have to comply with the same.

Will the N 95 Respirator Masks Protect You Against Coronavirus? Here’s What an Expert Says

The whole world is facing a dismal situation these days, and the Novel Coronavirus has invaded almost the entire world. Hence, one and all must protect themselves from the attack of this new sinister virus, and this is vital. One of the best and practical ways of self-protection is to wear a face mask. Here pops up the significance and salutary-nature of N 95 respirator masks. These masks are highly handy for medical workers and those who have direct contact with the suspected patients. Apart from the splatter, sprays, big drops, etc., these respirator masks also have the capacity to sieve the various very minute particles. Thus, the overall capacity of these respiratory masks is much more than the regular masks, and the convenience of wearing is yet another added attraction. Nevertheless, it is of high significance that one should buy N 95 respirator masks only from reputable healthcare product dealers; this is the best practical method to ensure the quality of the items.

This one you buy must be created precisely in line with the guidelines of the NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) and under the endorsement of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. Such masks will have high filtration efficiency and so, is a perfect method to filter both oily, as well as non-oily particles. The high acceptance of the N 95 respirator masks in the medical field is because of the capacity to filter dangerous aerosols such as fume, dust, mist, toxic gases, etc. It will also prevent the entry of inhalable microbial elements like anthracnose, mold, etc.

N 95 respirator masks are par for the course of the dress code of all medical personnel. The significance of the same has increased quite a lot in the recent emergency period that has come to pass globally due to the emergence of the Novel Corona Virus attack. This mechanism is meant for protecting the respiratory system of humans, which will check and stop the entry of airborne particles and viruses successfully. This mask is of great help during this pandemic period as it will prevent the entry of the virus into the human body. Remember, COVID-19 has made human life terrible, and healthcare workers across the globe are trying hard to put an end to this threatening disease. For such personnel, who will have to move around among the patients, N 95 respirator masks have become a practical boon.

Buy Certified Respirator Masks

The quality of make, materials used for the same, and reputation of the manufacturer are the main points that one will have to take into consideration while purchasing the respirator masks. Hence, it is always advisable to buy NIOSH certified N 95 respirator masks that are cleared by the FDA. Such masks will have the utmost functional capacity and will reduce the exposure to the minute particle aerosols, as well as the large droplets that are non-oily. These masks will be tight-fitting, which will make the wearer comfy. Another trait that makes such certified masks safe is that it is anti-blood permeable. Besides, the surface moisture resistance makes the item all the more dependable.  That said, you can check through the internet to find the web addresses of reputed merchants who sell such quality N 95 respirator masks.

Three Tips to Help with Finding Health Insurance for Individuals

It is essential to have adequate health insurance coverage as you never know when mishaps might occur, or when ill health could interrupt the steady tenor of your life. And the cost of medical services can be astronomical if you don’t have the right health insurance. A heart bypass surgery, for instance, can cost up to $200,000 or more without health insurance. High medical costs are one of the leading causes of debts, financial problems, and bankruptcies in the United States. So, to be on the safe side, the sooner you take out health insurance for yourself, the better.

Here are three tips to help you find the right Texas health insurance for individuals:

1. Get Informed About the Affordable Care Act

The Affordable Care Act is a federal law that makes it mandatory for almost all American citizens to get health insurance. Due to this law, insurance companies cannot refuse you coverage or charge you higher premiums if you have any pre-existing health conditions. You can get a comprehensive individual health insurance plan that covers preventive care, hospitalization, emergency services, and much else. You may also be eligible for Medicare and Medicaid.

Insurance plans under the Affordable Care Act, however, may not cover dental and vision healthcare costs if you are above 21. You can get insurance through your employer, through the public or federal marketplace, or from private insurance companies.

2. Understand the Key Health Insurance Costs

The key health insurance costs are premiums, deductibles, coinsurance, copayments, and out-of-pocket maximum.

• A premium is the monthly, quarterly, or annual payment on a health insurance plan, which you must make whether you get medical care or not.

• A deductible is an out-of-pocket payment you will make in a year for covered medical services before your insurance provider begins paying.

• Coinsurance is the portion of the healthcare bill that you must pay after you’ve met your deductible.

• A copayment is the fixed amount you must pay when you visit a medical provider for your healthcare needs.

• An out-of-pocket maximum is the maximum healthcare payment you will make in a year. It includes your deductible, coinsurance, and copayment amounts.

Generally, health insurance plans that require lower premiums have higher deductibles, and plans with higher premiums come with lower deductibles. To select the right Texas health insurance for individuals, consider how often you will require medical care in a year. If you are in good health, go for a lower premium and higher deductible plan. Otherwise, pick a higher premium plan with a lower deductible.

Keep health insurance costs down by using medical care providers from the plan’s network. Additionally, you can benefit from the Affordable Care Act by getting cost-sharing assistance and premium tax credit to pay for your health insurance costs.

You will need to buy a silver plan to avail of cost-sharing assistance; there are four plans- bronze, silver, gold, and platinum, depending on the costs you share with the insurance company. If you pick gold or platinum plans, you will have to pay higher premiums, and the plan will pay more of your total healthcare costs. The lower premium bronze and silver plans will pay less of your healthcare costs.

3. Find Out About Marketplace Plan Types

The four main types of marketplace plans are:

• Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)—provides coverage only if you visit care providers on the plan network, and if you live or work in the service area.

• Exclusive Provider Organization (EPO)—you can only use the medical providers that are on the plan network, except in emergencies, of course.

• Point of Service (POS)—you must get a primary care doctor from the plan network and get their referral if you need to see a health specialist. You can also pay less if you use the medical service providers on the network.

• Preferred Provider Organization (PPO)—you can pay less if you use the providers on the network. If you go to other providers, you will have to pay more.

It will be a good idea to compare the different insurance plan types and pick the one that can offer you the most benefits for your situation.

Why Should Attend a Healthcare Leadership Conference?

Healthcare leadership conferences help to bring together senior healthcare providers, administrators, and managers. Furthermore, they encourage their interactions with the next generation of healthcare professionals. The focus of these conferences is on the healthcare leadership challenges that the healthcare industry faces and what can be done to resolve these. The conference organizers also hold workshops for leadership training to help healthcare professionals to enhance their managerial, administrative, and interpersonal skills.

If you are an upcoming or established healthcare provider, attending healthcare leadership conferences can help you in the following ways:

You can become a more effective leader

By the nature of their work, most healthcare providers don’t work in isolation. They must collaborate and interact with other healthcare providers and sometimes as part of a team. They must know how to attend to patients and maintain professional standards. To thrive in such a job environment and be able to deal with a diverse set of people, it is essential to have solid interpersonal skills.

Additionally, it will help to have or develop strong leadership skills. You could be called upon to lead people or to instruct them to get the work done, and you should be able to do this without causing friction or resentment.

You can learn how to do this by attending the leadership training workshops at the health leadership conferences. Along with brushing up your leadership skills and approach, these workshops will also help you to analyze your strengths and shortcomings. You can then select a series of leadership techniques tailored to improve your existing skills and develop additional ones.

You can also attend team leadership workshops where you can learn to be a better team player and learn the skills necessary to thrive in a diverse team environment. You can develop the essential skills for becoming an effective team leader that can inspire and motivate other people in the team to deliver their best.

You get to network with other healthcare practitioners

Attending a healthcare leadership conference can help you to connect with and exchange ideas with healthcare practitioners across different medical sectors. You can learn how they think, plan, and implement effective medical treatments. You can listen to lectures and panel discussions by senior medical professionals about the career challenges they have faced and how they found the appropriate solutions to overcome these. You can discuss your healthcare experiences and share the solutions that worked for you. You can find out about the latest medical procedures, medical technologies, innovations, and more.

You can hear about the current opportunities in the healthcare industry, and get an understanding of upcoming ones that could change how the healthcare sector works. You can discuss continuing medical education for healthcare providers and how effective leadership can help improve clinical performance and patient safety procedures. You can develop an understanding of what medical practitioners require on a day-to-day basis and what can be done to fulfill their requirements.

You will learn about administrating small and large organizations

As a healthcare leader, you may have to oversee the various needs of the healthcare organization and handle its administrative tasks. These can be quite complex in large organizations, and you will need to know how to assign people to specific positions and how to budget finances and handle resources properly. You can learn how to plan and implement administrative policies and how to deal with difficult situations. Your ultimate goal is to have a well-functioning administration and an organization that can provide essential health care to patients.

At the healthcare leadership conferences, you can discuss with delegates how to develop, refine, and promote innovative healthcare solutions. You can discover how to ensure smooth day-to-day delivery while making improvements and changes on the larger administrative scale. You can ensure that the organization can provide high-quality, compassionate patient care that considers individual needs.

Interacting with healthcare professionals from various sectors and across diverse career stages at healthcare leadership conferences can make a difference in your career. You can get a better understanding of topical healthcare issues and what these mean for healthcare leadership and management. You can see how good leadership can enable different healthcare sectors to collaborate and deliver the best possible patient care.